Yellowstone National Park United States : Guide for researchers and visitors

Yellowstone National Park is the first and foremost National Park of America established by Congress in 1872. Yellow National Park is the Service’s flagship and a popular destination for millions of tourists each year. For all members of the family, the park is a must-see.

The area of Yellowstone National Park is 3,468.4 sq mi (8,983 km2). There are a lot of natural resources are there like rivers, lakes, mountain ranges, and canyons. The most charming feature is that Yellowstone Lake is the world’s largest and high elevation lake in the world.

The largest supervolcano is also situated in this national park. on the continent. Different types of ecosystems are there and nature is in its balanced form in Yellowstone national park. Its declared a world heritage site by UNESCO In 1978.

Visitors can visit this park and visit it at their convenience, they can go by car, they can go by bicycle and motorbike and they can enjoy its beauty. Thousands of kilometers long roads are in this park. Roads have hard and easy paths that are no less than a paradise for hikers and adventurers.

In the same way, this place is a paradise for those who like nature, are attached to animals and plants, and want to enjoy the natural beauty. They want to get out of disturbing situations of daily life and take themselves to a place of peace.

There are many kinds of animals and plants. Animals that are not seen in routine life are living in their wildlife. Visitors and photographers take them and take pictures of them. And feel comfortable and happy

What is Yellowstone National Park Location?

Yellowstone National Park is primarily situated in Wyoming.

Wyoming is a mountain subregion of the western united states and the 10th largest area. The whare about of the Wyoming where Yellowstone nation park is situated is that from north side Montana present, Nebraska is at the east side, from south side Dakota similarly from west side Idaho and Utha are present at the southwest side. The approximate population is 576,851 at the 2020 United States census

Yellowstone national park the United States Map

Yellowstone National Park United States map
Yellowstone National Park the United States map

Yellowstone national park map

Coordinates of Yellowstone national park?

The coordinates of Yellowstone National park are below.

44.4280° N, 110.5885° W

Why do people visit Yellowstone National park?

Yellowstone National Park is an outdoor enthusiast’s dream there are parks, hot springs, volcanic lakes, green forests, beautiful animals, and a variety of fish and natural beauty. People come across and enjoy its beauty. Similarly, researchers are also visiting this park for research purposes.

visitors are attracted by Yellowstone each year?

Yellowstone National Park attracts more than 4 million visitors every year.

Where should visitors and researchers stay in Yellowstone National park?

For a visit of a few days with a plan to experience only main attention, West Yellowstone would be a great choice. It’s a short drive from there to the geyser basins, Old Faithful, and the Yellowstone Grand Canyon.

If you want to get the most out of your visit to the park, staying at Old Faithful is a smart option. We recommend visiting the Northeast Entrance and taking a short journey to the Lamar Valley if you want to see the most wildlife.

If you have more time and wish to visit Grand Teton National Park, the South Entrance is a terrific alternative. However, if you base out of Jackson, the drive to the center of Yellowstone is lengthier.

List of lodges/hotels near Yellowstone National Park

In Yellowstone national park lodging facility is available. The main lodges/hotels are below where you can get residences in accordance with your convenience.

  • Roundtop Mountain Vista – Cabins and Motel
  • Henry’s Fork Inn
  • CROSSWINDS INN
  • SpringHill Suites by Marriott Rexburg
  • A Wyoming Inn
  • Hampton Inn & Suites Rexburg
  • AmericInn by Wyndham Rexburg BYUI
  • Holiday Inn Cody-at Buffalo Bill Village, an IHG Hotel
  • Togwotee Mountain Lodge
  • Big Bear Motel
  • Beartooth Inn
  • Quality Inn
  • SpringHill Suites by Marriott Island Park Yellowstone
  • River Lodge
  • Best Western Desert Inn
  • Travelodge by Wyndham Gardiner Yellowstone Park North
  • A Western Rose Motel
  • Brandin’ Iron Inn

What is the best time to visit the Park?

Spring brings a plethora of wildlife, roaring waterfalls, and unpredictable weather. It could snow. Fall is the special time of year and summer has a big crowd. Winter is a time of loneliness.

Where are the entry points of Yellowstone National Park?

Five entry points are there for Yellowstone National Park.

 East Entrance

Wheeled vehicles are permitted from May 12 to November 5 and tracked over-snow vehicles are permitted from December 18 to March 13.

Northeast Entrance

Silver Gate and Cooke City, MT, is available all year for wheeled vehicles traveling to Cooke City via the North Entrance.

South Entrance

Wheeled vehicles are permitted from May 12 to November 5 and tracked over-snow vehicles are permitted from December 18 to March 13.

West Entrance

West Yellowstone, MT. From April 20 to November 4, the West Entrance is open to wheeled vehicles, and from December 17 to March 12, it is open to track over-snow vehicles.

North Entrance

The North Entrance near Gardiner, Montana, is the only park entrance open all year to wheeled vehicles.

Are there airport options for Yellowstone national park?

Below list of airports option for visitors from all sides of the park.

 North Entrance

  • Bozeman Yellowstone International Airport

West Entrance

  • Yellowstone Airport
  • Idaho Falls Regional Airport
  • Bozeman Yellowstone International Airport

East Entrance

  • Yellowstone Regional Airport

South Entrance

  • Jackson Hole Airport

What are the important features of Yellowstone National Park?

It is World National Park

Area

3480 Square Miles (2,219,789 Acre)

Wildlife

7 ungulate species (bison, moose, elk, pronghorn), 2 bear species, 68 other animals, 325 bird species, 18 fish species, and the grey wolf.

Plants

There are about 1,100 native plant species, over 200 invasive species of plants, and over 400 thermophile species.

Geology

Approximately, 300 geysers and 10,000 thermal features, and the world’s largest calderas are present in the park. The world’s largest petrified forests in the world are also there. More than 300 waterfalls with the world’s most famous  300 waterfalls, the most famous Yellowstone River’s Lower Falls is present that is approximately 309 feet tall.

The lake of Yellowstone is the largest (133 sq. mile) very high altitude (7,733) lake in North America.

Are there any Centers and campgrounds in Yellowstone National Park?

  • 9 centers of visitors
  • 12 campgrounds (up to 2,000 campsites)

There are lots to do on its 2.2 million acres, from hiking and horseback riding to fishing and scenic wildlife tours. Old Faithful, Lower Falls, and Yellowstone Lake may be recognizable from paintings and photographs, but experiencing them in person is a humbling and captivating experience that may be enjoyed all year.

There are many options for where to stay in Yellowstone National Park, but planning ahead of time is essential. There’s a suitable basecamp for your wild and spectacular Yellowstone journey, from inside-the-park hotels and lodges to campgrounds and backcountry camping with the proper permits.

Yellowstone national park volcano

 Geysers and Volcano

Yellowstone National Park is a paradise of hot springs and geysers. There are many dormant volcanos in this area. Yellowstone National Park contains approximately half of the world’s hydrothermal phenomena, giving the impression that the ground is on fire. Old Faithful, the most famous of all the geysers, is one of the most well-known and well-known natural wonders in the United States.

What type of fauna is present in Yellowstone national park?

List of Fish, Amphibians, Reptiles present in Yellowstone national park

Fish species

Below is the list of major fish species present in the said park and most of the fish is game fish in this area.

Amphibian species

Amphibians play a major role in Yellowstone. Many Reptiles and Mammals eat Amphibians and their eggs and Amphibians eat invertebrates. Amphibian’s species are widely distributed in Yellowstone and these include

  • Columbian spotted frog
  • Blotched tiger salamander
  • Western toads
  • Boreal chorus frog

Reptile species

Reptiles are cold-blooded animals and below is a list of reptiles present in this park.

  • Rubber boa (Charina bottae)
  • Bullsnake (Pituophis catenifer sayi)
  • Prairie rattlesnake (Crotalus viridis viridis)
  • Valley garter snake(Thamnophis sirtalis fitchi)
  • Sagebrush lizard(Sceloporus graciosus graciosus)
  • Wandering garter snake (Thamnophis elegans vagrans)

List of Birds present in Yellowstone national park

There are almost 318 species of Birds in Yellowstone Park including Shorebirds, Raptors, Songbirds and Waterfowl. Out of 318 almost 150 species nest in the park. Many birds are migratory species.

Three types of Birds found in Yellowstone national park

Raptors

There are 19 species of Raptors in Yellow stone and it includes following

  • Owl
  • Golden Eagle
  • Osprey
  • Peregrine Falcon
  • Hawk

Wetlands Birds

Nearly 30 % of Birds species breed in wetlands. It includes following

  • Colony Nesting Birds
  • Common Loon
  • Trumpeter Swan
  • Pelicans
  • Ibises

Songbirds & Woodpeckers

Songbirds and woodpeckers are major birds of Yellowstone. They add the beauty of Yellowstone Park. They include following

  • Chickadees
  • Nuthatches
  • Treecreepers
  • Pisiforms

The list of other main birds is below

  • Sandhill cranes
  • waterfowl
  • Swans
  • Bald eagles
  • American white pelicans
  • Sparrows
  • Common loons
  • Passerine birds
  • Warblers
  • Ospreys

Mammals present in Yellowstone National Park

A huge number of mammals species are present in Yellowstone national parks details are below.

Carnivores (Order Carnivora)

Meat eaters are carnivores, but many have evolved as omnivores which consume both plants & animals. Many dozens of carnivores are found in the park-like Canada lynx, Gray Wolf, Badger, Coyote, Long-tailed Weasel, Grizzly Bear, Short-tailed Weasel, Marten, Bobcat, Wolverine, River Otter, Red Fox, Cougar, Black bear

Ungulates (Order Artiodactyla)

Two types of Ungulates are present in Yellowstone national park. For example

Elk, Mule Deer, White-tailed Deer, Bighorn Sheep, Moose, Mountain Goat, Bison, Pronghorn are present in this area.

Rodents (Order Rodentia)

Many rodents like Beaver, Least Chipmunk, Montane Vole, Uinta Ground Squirrel, Pocket Gopher, Red Squirrel, Yellow-bellied Marmot, Golden-mantled Ground Squirrel are found in this area.

  • Hares, Rabbits, and Pika (Order Lagomorpha)
  • Snowshoe Hare
  • Pika
  • White-tailed Jackrabbit

Bats (Order Chiroptera)

There are 13 species of Bats in Yellowstone

List of mammals present in Yellowstone national park

  • Bighorn sheep
  • Bobcats
  • American bison
  • Moose
  • Canada lynxBears
  • Coyotes
  • Mountain goats
  • Mountain lions
  • Elk
  • Gray wolf
  • Red fox
  • Mule deer and white-tailed deer
  • raccoon
  • american badger
  • golden-mantled ground squirrel
  • vole
  • American red squirrel
  • rabbit
  • Uinta ground squirrel
  • mice
  • skunk
  • big brown bat
  • little brown bat
  • Squirrel
  • silver-haired bat
  • otter
  • shrew
  • long-legged bat
  • least chipmunk

List of Endangered animals of Yellowstone national park

  • Gray Wolf
  • Canada Lynx
  • Pika
  • Black-Footed Ferret
  • Wolverines
  • Bald Eagle
  • Grizzly Bear

Effect of climatic change on Yellowstone national park

Climate change has hit the park hard. Frozen snow is melting, largely due to global warming. Because of this, the whole ecosystem of the park is deteriorating.

There was a state of equilibrium that is disappearing. Animals are trying hard for their survival. It is clear that as long as its balance was maintained it was also beautiful and the wildlife and plants in it were living in a balanced and beautiful condition.

But due to climate change, i.e., global warming, disturbing of rain cycle, floods, Melting of ice,  the total cycles of the park are completely changing. Due to which the survival of the animals in great danger.

This park has been a source of joy and happiness for human beings to this day because of its ecological balance. But climate change damaging it. The park is still worth seeing and stands firmly, but in the days to come, if it continues like this, its destruction is as clear as the rest of the world due to climate change.

Reviewed by:
Dr. Muhammad Tahir Ph.D. (PU)
Post Doctorate

American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA