Chinese Carp : classification, distribution, feeding, breeding

Chinese Carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix)

Taxonomic Classification of Chinese Carp

Kingdom                 Animalia

Phylum                  Chordata

Class                  Actinopterygii

Order                 Cypriniformes

Family                 Cyprinidae

Genus             Hypophthalmichthys

Species        Hypophthalmichthys molitrix

China has a large variety of marine and freshwater fish. There are about 700 species of freshwater fishes are found. These fishes are the identity of china. Some fishes are the risk of the extinction

Distribution of Chinese Carp

It is found in Pakistan, China, India, Burma, and Malaysia, etc. In China, it is native here and it is found in southern areas. It was transplanted in Europe, South Asia, South East Asia, and Africa.


It is freshwater fish. It has an elongated body with a moderately compressed form. It contains no barbells. The caudal fin is forked and the lateral line is curved. The color of the body is silvery and slightly blackish.

Feeding of Chinese Carp

It is herbivores fish, but adult eats up the planktons, larvae, plant leaves and crustaceans larvae are eaten up.

Breeding of Chinese Carp

It can breed in the season from April to July. In captivity, it can breed only in the case of induced spawning. Its temperature required is 20 to 26°C.  Its fecundity rate is about 100000 eggs per kg body weight. Eggs hatched in 12 to 18 hours. [1][2]Redirecting ([3]AFNv14n06_pp12-13.pdf (

Reviewed by:
Dr. Muhammad Khalid Mukhtar (Ph.D.)
University of Sargodha, Sargodha


2Redirecting (
3AFNv14n06_pp12-13.pdf (