The Process in which approximately all woods are removed or consonantly cut down in an area is known as clear forest cutting, clear-cut logging or clear-felling sometimes termed as Deforestation.
Someone who is well trained in forestry cut down shelterwood and seed Trees and replace that area with new species or groups of different plants that fully develop and required a lot of sunlight. This process is used to increase several types of forest ecosystem and avail the specific species.
Companies that deal with the cutting down of trees for timber and unions of foresters of different countries support the usage of woods for security, economic benefits, and for experimental reasons but some detractors consider it deforestation because of its unexpected results such as habitat destruction, climate changes and loss of natural beauty.
Types of forest clear-cutting
Authoritative or consonant removal
Cut down of every single stem, therefore, no cover be left is known as standard clear cut.
The clearing of the whole shoots in a prohibited area are termed as a patch or fixed clear-cut
Cutting a strip of stem
Cutting of complete pedicels in a narrow range consequently featured commonly considered as strip cutting.
Clear felling with confined areas
Illegal Logging of approximately all peduncles except leaving a few for others purpose but it is not clear by the method of the seed tree.
Effects on the environment
Some organizations and Environmental groups oppose the Clearcutting due to a major loss in many fields especially wildlife, water, temperature, soil, atmosphere, and other natural resources.
These groups suggest adopting alternatives to clear-cutting which are harmless, more beneficial and sustainable.
The action of the cut down of forests is responsible for greater changes in the water cycle. Trees stop the erosion of the earth’s crest soil and water loss.
Clear cut logging results in the form of lack of natural beauty, the process of transpiration is minimized, damaged trees, ferns, mosses, grasses, beautiful plants, medicinal plants, economically important trees, etc.
Forests have the ability to retain water but when woods are removed then leaching of necessary nutrients is increased. There are more chances of flooding.
There will be no precipitation in rainy seasons. Trees are considered as natural lungs. Greenery keeps the atmosphere clean and better for health.
Negative impacts of clear-cutting of forests
Clear-cutting plays an important role in the alteration of natural sequence. It can badly disturb human beings, plants, and animals. Plants or its products are the basic diet of mankind and other life on earth.
Specialists who are confined to eat a defined and special food will die with disappearing the trees which belong to their diet. The erosion of soil is three-time greater due to clear-cutting than land sliding.
The bridges and roads are more slippery in cut down regions than forested areas. The ways are not permeable to run off as compared to plains. So that redistributed stuff of soil and rocks change the water movements. Clear-cutting boosts the water flow during violent weather conditions.
Deforestation has a lot of negative impacts like loss of beauty, loss of biodiversity, destruction of habitats, damage to soil holding capacity of trees, removal of economically popular species, absence of grasses, abrupt environmental changes, global warming, extinction of endangered species, disturbance of local plants and animals, opportunities for intruders and invasive species etc.
It also decreases the hobbies like hunting and fishing. Clear-cutting changes the glacial and temperate climates, therefore, it affects snow, rainfall and hailing before or after the season.
If clearcutting remains continuously with present the rate then all rain forests of the world would completely be eradicated in a century Nearby 150000 square kilometers of rain forests were removed in a period from June 2000 to June 2008. Woods are being cleared every year for the purpose of irrigation, infrastructure, digging of rivers, canals, excavation of lakes, etc.
Some positive impacts of clear-cutting of forests
The process of clear-cutting can be used to enhance the production and growth of tree species that need extensive light intensity. A commonly harvested area is broader than a place where trees are joined and growing naturally. So the trees of our interest are cultivated.
Trees of our wish can grow rapidly, tolerate the high intensity of light, bear extreme temperature weather conditions, environmental fluctuations, Soil conditions, weathering, resistance to diseases, etc.
Clear cutting is also beneficial for the construction of habitats. It provides the best source of food to fulfill nutritional requirements. Forests can lessen global warming. These increase natural beauty and provide us timber.
We can also grow economically famous trees. The clear-cutting method can be used to increase medicinal plants used by pharmaceutical companies. We can obtain many products from forests such as cosmetic products, resins, gums, etc.
This process is useful in replacing the forests burnt in a natural fire or destructed due to natural disasters.