Mangar (Luciobarbus esocinus) : Classification, Morphology and feeding

Mangar (Luciobarbus esocinus)

It’s found in the Euphrates river in the Syrian region.

Taxonomic Classification

Kingdom                 Animalia

Phylum                  Chordata

Class                  Actinopterygii

Order                 Cypriniformes

Family                 Cyprinidae

Genus                Luciobarbus

Species          Luciobarbus esocinus

The Tigris and Euphrates River of the Iraq and Syria is the main basin of the family cyprinid.  This species basically has relation with the cyprinids and it has the least concern of extinction according to the I.U.C, N.


It has pectoral fins and pelvic fins and has scales on its body. Due to scales, we can recognize him as Cyprinidae. This species can acquire a length of three meters. And it can gain body weight up to 145 kg. And the age period is about 17 years. Have small scales which cover the entire body. it lacks the tootsie, due to overhunting of it may be it in danger otherwise it has no particular danger. Likes to live in the dry basins of Euphrates and Tigris river. And it’s also native of Iraqi waters.


The males inside the basin of the fresh water and canal. It is also present in the rivers of Iraq. It has a protruding head and it is mostly herbivore and it also eats the zooplanktons and the phytoplanktons. This species is cultivable or not we can not say anything because less information is available in this regard.[1](PDF) The Luciobarbus esocinus (Heckel, 1843) FROM THE EUPHRATES RIVER BASIN: AN INTRODUCTION ABOUT ITS PAST, PRESENT AND FUTURE ([2]Age, growth and spawning season of Luciobarbus esocinus Heckel, 1843 in Gamasiab River, Iran ([3]Mangar (fish) – Wikipedia

Reviewed by:
Dr. Muhammad Tahir Ph.D. (
Post Doctorate
American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA