News of changes in the environment reverberates day by day and it is also visible to see and feel that the atmosphere is changing anyway. The main reason for this is global warming which has changed almost everything.
Sea level is rising due to glacier’s melt, which is due to global warming. And climatic balance is disturbing in almost all parts of the world that leads to change of ecosystems.
Birds are very beautiful flying animals and are playing their part in the environment in a very good way and they are doing as much work as they can to balance the ecosystem of which a bird is a part. But the changing environment has raised many questions about the survival of birds.
How is the change of environment affecting birds?
Where there are many factors and like the problem of bird feed, their habitat, etc., one of the major problems that have come out in the open as a threat to the survival of direct birds is the unreasonableness of the rains.
Birds prepare themselves for reproduction in the early spring and summer days. This is the season when there is a lot of fruit available for food. Spring is the breeding season for most birds. Birds have been taking good advantage of the same weather for centuries but for a few decades that the birds have been severely affected by the fact that the temperature of the atmosphere has increased and climate change has taken place.
The description is as follows:
In all tropical regions, birds begin their reproductive process in the middle of February and start laying eggs in March. The houses of birds are their nests which are on trees and in these months these houses or nests are settled. But as soon as the birds lay eggs and wait to take out their chicks from them, the unseasonal rain begins.
The temperature which should have been between 20 and 40 degrees Celsius now starts changing drastically. That is, the temperature of the environment starts fluctuating due to rains. This continues in the months of March and April, causing the eggs in birds nests to get damaged by temperature changes or fall to the ground due to heavy storms. Climate change, disturbance to habitat are affecting the breeding patterns of Indian birds (scroll.in) (PDF) INFLUENCE OF RAIN ON THE BREEDING AND MOLTING PHENOLOGY OF BIRDS IN A THORN WOODLAND OF NORTHEASTERN VENEZUELA (researchgate.net)
Damage to birds due to hailstorm
Hailstorm is also a huge factor that is causing a lot of damage to birds. We know that bird nests are mostly above trees in the open air. Bird breeding is going on they are waiting for their next generation to come. They sit on their eggs, and with the torrential rains, the hail and heavy hail begin. To avoid this, the bird sitting on the eggs flies away and the snow pieces of hail break the eggs in the nests.
This time is very precious for every bird that if anything happens within that the eggs do not hatch, all the hard work of the birds is lost and they have to wait for a year to bring them back. Unseasonal rains and hailstorms cause great damage to the bird.
It was not before or was very low but for the last two decades, it has been increasing continuously that the birds’ breeding season is causing unseasonal rains and hailstorms causing a lot of damage to the bird breeds.
Their numbers are decreasing and they are disappearing from the scene. It seems natural, but the change in the environment is, however, due to man, which the birds are bearing the brunt of.
There is a need to take some steps that at least maintain the balance of the land. So, that our generation can see the birds. https://www.birdpop.org/docs/journals/Volume-13/BPJ13-09_Narwade_et_al.pdf
Written by: Dr. Muhammad Mohsin Ahsan
|↑1||Climate change, disturbance to habitat are affecting the breeding patterns of Indian birds (scroll.in)|
|↑2||(PDF) INFLUENCE OF RAIN ON THE BREEDING AND MOLTING PHENOLOGY OF BIRDS IN A THORN WOODLAND OF NORTHEASTERN VENEZUELA (researchgate.net)|