Biodegradation | Soil fertility booster

A process or a method in which the matters (organic in nature) are broken down by the help of the living organisms or also by the abiotic effects are known as the biodegradation the common matter of the biodegradation is the organic matter etc. the plant and the animals or other substances and also related to the other living organisms

Explanation of Biodegradation

The common matter of biodegradation means the organic matter is broken down by the two processes


In this process, the organic matters are broken down by the consumption of oxygen

An Aerobically

In this method, the organic matters are broken down without use the oxygen

The product of the biodegradation is dissolved simply in the environment and these products do not damage the environment so in this behalf we can say that the bacteria and fungus plays a very important role in biodegradation


  • In 1961 it was the first known word in the biological text to explain the breakdown of the material into its basic parts of carbon-hydrogen and oxygen with bicarbonates
  • Now it is commonly related to products of environments that one capable of decomposition basic into the natural elements

Process of biodegradation

The process of biodegradation is described by the help of the types of the biodegradation so the biodegradation has three types which are as under


It is the type of bio degradation in which only the surface level degradation is occurred so in this type the organic material are improved by the help of temperature, light and chemicals in the environment so the biodeterioration are also improved the chemically, physically and mechanically qualities of the material so when the material are unprotected in the shallow are exterior environment the abiotic factor affect the material and thus the material is feeble and the bio deterioration occur the abiotic factors change the structure of the material the compression mechanism and the temperature light and the chemicals  in the external environment

Bio fragmentation

The bio fragmentation is the type of biodegradation at some conditions the bio fragmentation is similar as biodegradation so in this process the substances or material breakdown by the help of the microorganisms in the presence of oxygen or also in the absence of the oxygen

Aerobic digestion

The aerobic digestion occur more intensely because in aerobic digestion the oxygen consumption should take and in the aerobic digestion the mass and the volume of the material is reduced and mostly created the natural gas

Aerobic digestion

The anaerobic digestion occurs slowly as compared to the aerobic digestion in this the oxygen is not used so in this the material is broken down in the basic substances like the carbon-nitrogen oxygen


The consequent products from fragmentation are then integrated into the microbial cell so-called assimilation stage

Biodegradable products

The biodegradable products are those which are degradable naturally by the help of the natural environment like

  • Temperature
  • Light

The products or the material also degrade by the help of the

  • Molds 
  • Fungus
  • Bacteria

Types of Biodegradable products:

The biodegradable products are those which degrade easily and by the environment are save from the hazards of the substances which are not degradable easily so the biodegradable products are as under

  • Biodegradable bags ( in this the bags and film occur that are degrade very easily)
  • Biodegradable
  • Resins( in this by the help of resins the bags and marketing items are service items  are made that are degradable very easily
  • Organic wastes( in this the plants leaves grass are involved that are degraded naturally by the light temperature light or the other microorganisms like fungus molds bacteria


The bioremediation is the process in which we inject the microorganisms in the soil and these degraded the substances in the soil mostly the organic substances produced the carbon dioxide so these are recovered the whole the process is observed in the mesoscale 


The plastic also the biodegradable product so in the market the biodegradable plastic is introduced so the biodegradable plastic are those which are degraded when disintegrating in dumps are shown in sunlight so by using this type of plastic.

we should save from the harsh of the plastics which are degraded in million years the degradable plastic is made by the acolyte and cornstarch which help the plastic to degrade in the sunlight the biodegradable plastic is easily broken down and degraded by bacteria fungi molds or by the living organisms the biodegradable plastic depends upon the chemical nature and the consequent in nature

The characteristics of degradable plastic

  • It has the ability to recycle
  • It has the capability to degrade by the microorganisms or by the sunlight It uses the least amount of the gas and the oil during the making process of degradable plastic

Global Warming

The products which are degradable also the factor of global warming because the substances which are landfills so these are degradable an aerobically


The process of biodegradation use widely to protect the environment by the waste substances and its hazards on the environment so we can also save the environment by other ways which are as under

  • Tell the people to use degradable products and also use these products in less quantity
  • The substances use scientifically to produces healthy products
  • Reduce, Reuse, Repair, Recycle by these following steps the substances are scientifically broken and we should get useful products.

Reviewed by:
Dr. Muhammad Tahir Ph.D. (PU)
Post Doctorate

American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA

%d bloggers like this: