How life effect due to water stream contamination

The water stream is a continuous flow of water from the source toward one direction. It occurred usually from higher altitude to lower side. Streams are basically the basic source of life. Because life runs with water and most of the streams are formed after the melting of glaciers. Usually in streams very pure and neat and clean water will flow but due to human activities, these sources of pure water also going to be contaminated.  

Source of contamination

There are two fundamental sources of contamination

The point source of contamination

Pollution that is caused by identifiable sources that we will see and extricate source of contamination like pipe trench plastic and other solid fabric called point source of pollution.

Non-point source of contamination

Non-point source pollution that’s due to unidentifiable ways like pesticide fertilizer and other solvent natural and inorganic fabric called non-point source and we will not control this sort of pollutant. when this type of material is added up with flowing water streams that lead to a big issue in the sense that these streams will open in rivers and rivers are big bodies.

How is life effect due to water stream pollution

When point and non-point sources of pollutants are added to the stream it directly affects the aquatic fauna of the stream. this affects all our stream ecosystems.  and cause damage to all environments that are related to the streams. this damage is not for a specific point but it goes parallel with streams than rivers and then the ocean.

What type of life effect due to water stream pollution 

Invertebrate Biodiversity

  • ​Flatworms
  • Leeches 
  • Aquatic night crawlers Snails
  • Mussels/Clams
  • Water Bugs Shellfish
  • True Bugs
  • True Flies
  • Water Creepy crawlies
  • Dragonflies/Damselflies
  • Stoneflies
  • Mayflies
  • Dobsonflies, Fishflies, Hellgrammites, Alderflies
  • Caddisflies Flies

Types of angles effects in stream

Cold Water

  • Tolerate Trout
  • Brown Trout 
  • Rainbow Trout
  • Sculpins 
  • White Sucker
  • Dace

Warm Water

  • Smallmouth Bass 
  • Walleye/Sauger 
  • Largemouth Bass 
  • White Bass – Catfish 
  • Suckers 
  • Minnows

How to overcome water stream contamination

  • Stop point and nonpoint source of pollution
  • Public awareness
  • lagislation

[1]https://streamcontinuity.org/naacc/ecological-concerns/importance-small-stream [2]https://scipol.duke.edu/learn/science-library/stream-ecology [3]https://chamisa.freeshell.org/ecology.htm

Written by: Dr. Muhammad Mohsin Ahsan

Reviewed by:
Dr. Muhammad Tahir Ph.D. (PU)
Post Doctorate

American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA

References

References
1https://streamcontinuity.org/naacc/ecological-concerns/importance-small-stream
2https://scipol.duke.edu/learn/science-library/stream-ecology
3https://chamisa.freeshell.org/ecology.htm
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