Xenobiotics and their degradation by bacteria

What are Xenobiotics?

Xenobiotics are chemicals that are made entirely in the laboratory and are used for a variety of purposes, most notably as a pesticide that kills insects and harmful organisms.

Pesticides have made our lives a lot easier there are many issues in which these chemicals causing harm to humans’ life. We are using these chemicals in our agriculture field for the destruction of pests.

Are pesticides are helpful?

Pest compensation has proved to be effective. It plays an important role in earning a lot of foreign exchange because the harmful pests in the crops can be easily eradicated from the best side. This can happen in a short time and very easily. With that, we can do it

But at the same time, there are many disadvantages of pesticides that are probably more important than their advantages. Most of the health problems. It is ranging from simple mood change to cancer issues in human populations.  And at that time approximately all the world is under pressure due to these xenobiotics.

 Whether it is stomach problems or behavioral problems or headaches, these pesticides are doing harm. And the percentage of disorders and bad health conditions are rising day by day.

Regardless of some countries i.e., have strict legislation regarding these foreign particles, most of the countries are using these xenobiotics and these chemicals are easily available in markets at very cheap prices. And this is not an obstacle to their use even at the governmental level.

In some countries, the owner of the agriculture field has legislated on it and it can only be used to a certain extent but still, its use is so much that its harms outweigh its benefits to other animals as well as humans.

Some of the details are that mostly used on crops to kill insects and these infected insects are utilized by predators and again predators and so on, which cause these chemicals in the food chain and cause destruction of the whole food chain. And its effects will show after some time. This is why it is becoming one of the issues of the present era.

Phenol, many Hydrocarbons, Dichlorodiphenyl tetrachloroethane, DDT have such complaints are being used very much.

In situations where the use of xenobiotics has become very widespread these days and it is having a profound effect on the biological systems. Scientists have conducted some experiments in such a way as to prevent its spread and microorganisms that can be removed chemicals from the body of living systems. And genetically engineered bacteria that have special enzymes and catabolic chemicals are being used for this.

This process is called biodegradation in which removes any harmful synthetic chemical with the help of microorganisms specially genetically engineered bacteria.

Scientists are working on bacteria that have been created using genetic engineering technology and have the ability to break down different types of synthetic chemicals in different biological environments in a very good way.

Benefits of genetically engendered bacteria for removal of xenobiotics

Environment

Bacteria are more beneficial to the environment by degrading chemicals in the environment that cannot be easily degraded, which can make the environment more beautiful.

The environment can move in its balanced state which is beneficial for the ecosystems and for the living beings living in them. And for creating a balance on the globe.

Health

 As far as health is concerned, human health is a more important factor these days. In the coming days, various diseases including deadly diseases like cancer are spreading in humans due to these disturbing chemicals. In such a situation the use of bacteria that neutralize these chemicals can be beneficial.

Biological systems

These Xenobiotics are incorporated into the biological system and playing a key role in destroying the entire ecosystem. The use of bacteria for the degradation of synthetic chemicals can be helpful for survival in the environment as well as to the living beings living in the environment.

x