Habitat can be defined as ‘the specific or special kind of natural house or environment of an organism which could be an animal plant or another living organism is known as its habitat.
Examples of habitat
Puma, a kind of wild cats lives in a specific habitat where it’s praying like a porcupine, rabbits deer and another kind of rodents are found, water reserves like spring lakes or river and the place where it’s gets shelter which could be like dens, forest floor or trees. This whole set or surrounding is called habitat.
Kind of habitat
There are two major kinds of habitat, aquatic habitat, and terrestrial habitat. The terrestrial habitat is further divided into three types based on the rainfall. There are Desert, grasslands, and forests.
An organism chose its habitat where it fulfills its‘s needs like shelter, foul and water requirements.
What is habitat destruction?
Habitat destruction is a kind of natural or manual process through which the natural habitat becomes disable to support the species which is living in such a specific natural home. This is the process through which the site where species lives or the species itself gets threatening as a result of biodiversity reduces.
Some examples of habitat destruction?
This kind of destruction occurs when this natural home becomes incapable of supporting the specific species living there. So the destruction of habitat results just because of above-discussed reasons.
There are many other reasons through which habitat becomes incapable to support the species to live furthermore there. These reasons include migration of people from villages to cities, discoveries of fossils fuel, minings, dregs of rivers, and filling in wetlands.
Reason for habitat destruction
There are many reasons for the destruction of habitat loss but the major reason is the increasing requirement of food. This requirement has converted the forests into croplands or fields. This increment of food is just because of the migration from rural areas to urban areas for many facilities like health and electricity.
The biggest conversion of forests into the crop field is mostly done just because of the extending of agricultural fields, the huge requirement of timber and wood used for fuel and for making furniture, as well as many other as forestall products. The second most reason which causes the destruction of habitat is overgrazing. Overgrazing, in point view, if there is no single species that predates on such grazing animals.
How habitat destruction affect biodiversity?
Habitat destruction makes the specific site where an organism lives incapable to aid the species living there. In habitat destruction, reduction of biodiversity occurs just because of the organism which is migrated, destroyed or displaced.
The first and foremost reason that causes extinction and threatening of species all over the world is the destruction of habitat.
Do human beings are affected by habitat destruction?
Yes, this destruction of habitat affects human beings . These results in erosion of soil on large scale, flood damages as well as storms This destruction also changes the water quality by making it useless. This destruction also reduces the plants and animal species which are eatable for humans.
Humans role in habitat destruction
There is a big rule of humans beings in habitat destruction. The main reason for the destruction is the clearance of lands for crop production converting the forest into agricultural fields. The loss of lakes, plains and wetlands, and many other natural surroundings that all are destroyed the habitats.
The other activities of humans are the introduction of species which are invasive trading means selling and purchasing of wild animals and plants as well as birds.
Also, engaging many instruments used in wae also becomes the reason for the habitat loss. The destruction of habitat by humans activities done just because of the aim of the production of a huge amount of foods and crops because today the rate of urbanization is increasing at an alarming rate, so to fulfill their needs cutting of forest is being done in result many wild animals are losing their natural habitats.
Census about the destruction of habitat
It is recorded about 160,000 squares kilometers each year are destructed by which about 1% natural forestall habitats are destroyed. About there are 10 species are not on earth just because of humans activities these includes
- Tasmania tiger
- Steller’s sea cow
- Woolly mammoth
- Pyreanen ibex
- Western black rhinoceros
- Passenger pigeon
Effects of habitat destruction
There are several bad effects of habitat destruction on the natural environment. This destruction mainly loses natural resources as well as rare species. Every kind of habitat destruction leads to the destruction of species.
Destruction of habitat instantly give harms to the natural surrounding, species home and kill many kinds of wilds species .
The loss of resources by the destruction of habitat which results fragmentation and this lead to the loss of habitat the forests of the world , lakes, plains swamps, and other natural home start to be disappeared as they are used for the cultivation of crops just for human beings.
The habitats are being destructed just for the production of agricultural fields, roads, pipelines houses and for the development of different industrial purposes. If we try to define the habitat loss we summarize into a simple term, when habitats are destroyed then the species living in such habitats are destroyed in results.
So this kind of surrounding becomes disable to support the species if that habitat it results in the extinction of wild biodiversity.
Forest help in regulation the amount of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the atmospheric environment. If the grassland habitat is lost then it will reduce the absorb CO2. So it will change the composition of atmospheric gases.
The loss of grassland also changes the environmental temperature. There are many human impacts that cause the destruction of habitat. This loss of grassland habitat changes the temperature, erosion of soil, and low production of crops which results in droughts. If we want to escape from this danger.
We should ban hunting on wild animals, cutting off natural forests. In this regards to preserve the grassland habitats National Park is introducing.