Damaging animals home | Habitat destruction

Habitat destruction is a kind of natural or manual process through which the natural habitat becomes disabled to support the species which is living in such a specific natural home. This is the process through which the site where species lives or the species itself gets threatened as a result of biodiversity reduction.

Habitat 

Habitat can be defined as ‘the specific or special kind of natural house or environment of an organism which could be an animal plant or another living organism is known as its habitat. [1]https://nurturenaturecenter.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/08/Habitats-of-the-World-worksheet.pdf

Examples of habitat

Puma, a kind of wild cat lives in a specific habitat where it’s praying like a porcupine, rabbits deer, and other kinds of rodents are found, water reserves like spring lakes or river and the place where it’s gets shelter which could be like dens, forest floor or trees. This whole set or surrounding is called habitat.

There are two major kinds of habitat, aquatic habitat, and terrestrial habitat. The terrestrial habitat is further divided into three types based on the rainfall. There are deserts, grasslands, and forests.

An organism chose its habitat where it fulfills its needs like shelter, foul, and water requirements. [2]Types of habitat in the Universe | International Journal of Astrobiology | Cambridge Core

Some examples of habitat destruction?

This kind of destruction occurs when this natural home becomes incapable of supporting the specific species living there. So the destruction of habitat results just because of the above-discussed reasons.

There are many other reasons through which habitat becomes incapable to support the species to live furthermore there. These reasons include migration of people from villages to cities, discoveries of fossils fuel, minings, dregs of rivers, and filling in wetlands.

Reason for habitat destruction

There are many reasons for the destruction of habitat loss but the major reason is the increasing requirement for food. This requirement has converted the forests into croplands or fields. This increment of food is just because of the migration from rural areas to urban areas for many facilities like health and electricity.

The biggest conversion of forests into the crop field is mostly done just because of the extension of agricultural fields, the huge requirement of timber and wood used for fuel and for making furniture, as well as many other forestall products. The second most reason which causes the destruction of habitat is overgrazing. Overgrazing, in point of view, if there are no single species that predate on such grazing animals. [3]Habitat destruction: death by a thousand cuts – Oxford Scholarship (universitypressscholarship.com)

How does habitat destruction affect biodiversity?

Habitat destruction makes the specific site where an organism lives incapable to aid the species living there. In habitat destruction, reduction of biodiversity occurs just because the organism is migrated, destroyed, or displaced.

The first and foremost reason that causes extinction and threat of species all over the world is the destruction of habitat.

Do human beings are affected by habitat destruction?

Yes, this destruction of habitat affects human beings. These results in erosion of soil on large scale, flood damage as well as storms This destruction also changes the water quality by making it useless. This destruction also reduces the plants and animal species that are eatable to humans.

Human’s role in habitat destruction

There is a big rule of human beings in habitat destruction. The main reason for the destruction is the clearance of lands for crop production converting the forest into agricultural fields. The loss of lakes, plains and wetlands, and many other natural surroundings that all are destroyed the habitats.

The other activities of humans are the introduction of species which are invasive trading means selling and purchasing wild animals and plants as well as birds.

Also, engaging many instruments used in wae also becomes the reason for the habitat loss. The destruction of habitat by humans activities is done just because of the aim of the production of a huge amount of foods and crops because today the rate of urbanization is increasing at an alarming rate, so to fulfill their needs cutting down forests is being done in result many wild animals are losing their natural habitats.

It is recorded that about 160,000 square kilometers each year are destructed by which about 1% of natural forestall habitats are destroyed. About there are 10 species that are not on earth just because of humans activities these includes

  • Quagga
  • Tasmania tiger
  • Steller’s sea cow
  • Woolly mammoth
  • Pyrenean ibex
  • Western black rhinoceros
  • Dodo
  • Passenger pigeon

Effects of habitat destruction

There are several bad effects of habitat destruction on the natural environment. This destruction mainly loses natural resources as well as rare species. Every kind of habitat destruction leads to the destruction of species.

Destruction of habitat instantly give harms the natural surrounding, and species home, and kill many kinds of wild species.

The loss of resources by the destruction of habitat results in fragmentation and this lead to the loss of habitat the forests of the world, lakes, plains swamps, and other natural home start to be disappeared as they are used for the cultivation of crops just for human beings.

The habitats are being destructed just for the production of agricultural fields, roads, pipeline houses, and for the development of different industrial purposes. If we try to define habitat loss we summarize it into a simple term, when habitats are destroyed then the species living in such habitats are destroyed in result.

So this kind of surrounding becomes disable to support the species if that habitat it resulting in the extinction of wild biodiversity.

Forest helps in regulating the amount of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the atmospheric environment. If the grassland habitat is lost then it will reduce the absorb CO2. So it will change the composition of atmospheric gases.

The loss of grassland also changes the environmental temperature. There are many human impacts that cause the destruction of habitat. This loss of grassland habitat changes the temperature, erosion of soil, and low production of crops which results in droughts. If we want to escape from this danger.

We should ban the hunting of wild animals, and cut off natural forests. In this regards to preserve the grassland habitats National Park is introducing. [4]Natural Habitat Loss: Causes and Implications of Structural and Functional Changes | SpringerLink [5]Microsoft Word – JNSR-Vol.6 No.15 2016 (core.ac.uk)

 

Reviewed by:
Dr. Muhammad Tahir Ph.D. (PU)
Post Doctorate
American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA

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